Fifth Grade Science

Energy

Science Content

Cluster 1:  What is Energy?

  • Energy takes many forms, including heat, light, electrical, motion, elastic, gravitational, sound, and chemical.
  • We can observe energy all around us.

Cluster 2:  Energy Transfers

  • Energy can move, or transfer, from place to place.
  • Sometimes energy changes form as it transfers.
  • Energy can be harnessed for useful purposes.
  • Machines help us use energy transfers to perform useful tasks.

Cluster 3:  Heat Energy Transfers

  • Warmer things lose heat, or transfer heat energy to cooler things until they both become the same temperature.
  • The transfer of heat energy can occur by direct contact or through space.
  • Some materials conduct heat energy more easily than others.
  • A conductor is a material that allows heat energy to travel through it.
  • An insulator is a material that slows the transfer heat energy.

Cluster 4:  Air and Wind

  • Not all energy transfers are desirable. Often energy is “wasted” or transferred to non-useful forms.
  • Some things transfer energy more efficiently than others.
  • Efficient machines waste less energy.

 

Force and Motion

Science Content

 

  • Every force is part of an interaction between two objects.
  • Forces are pushes and pulls that can be contact or non-contact forces.
  • Motion is described relative to something else (point of reference).
  • A change in motion is due to unbalanced forces.
  • No change in motion and an object at rest are due to balanced forces.

 

Human Body in Motion
(fall, 2010)

Science Content

Cluster 1:  Mechanics of Movement

  • To move, many parts of our bodies must work together.
  • Muscles move our skeletons by pulling on bones that meet at joints.
  • Nerves carry signals to move parts of the body.

Cluster 2:  Body Basics

  • The human body is made of many different types of cells.
  • Bones and muscles are made of unique cells important for movement.
  • To produce energy needed for movement and to function properly, all cells need a constant supply of oxygen, nutrients, and water.
  • Each type of cell has unique characteristics for performing a specific job.

Cluster 3:  Supporting Active Muscle Cells

  • To produce energy needed for movement, our muscle cells need a constant supply of oxygen, nutrients, and water.

Other Resources

State Science Grade Level Content Expectations for Fifth Grade

District Hands-On Elementary Science Brochure

Fifth Grade Skills Sheet 28kb PDF

Fifth Grade Report Form 508kb PDF

 

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