Sixth Grade Science

Scientific Process Skills - 6th, 7th & 8th Grade



  • Generate scientific questions based on observations, investigations, and research.
  • Design and conduct scientific investigations.
  • Use tools and equipment (e.g., microscopes, spring scales, stop watches, models, thermometers, PH meters) appropriate to scientific investigations.
  • Use metric measurement devices in scientific investigations.
  • Construct charts and graphs from data and observations dealing with investigation.
  • Identify patterns in data.

Inquiry Analysis and Communication


  • Analyze information from data tables and graphs to answer scientific questions.
  • Evaluate data, claims, and personal knowledge through collaborative science discourse.
  • Communicate and defend findings of observations and investigations
  • Draw conclusions from sets of data from multiple trials of a scientific investigation.
  • Use multiple sources of information to evaluate strengths and weaknesses of claims, arguments, or data.

Reflection and Social Implications


  • Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of claims, arguments, and data.
  • Describe limitations in personal and scientific knowledge regarding science concepts.
  • Identify the need for evidence in making scientific decisions
  • Evaluate scientific explanations based on current evidence and scientific principles.
  • Demonstrate scientific concepts through various illustrations, performances, models, exhibits, and activities.
  • Design solutions to scientific problems using technology.
  • Describe the effect humans and other organisms have on the balance of the natural world.
  • Describe what science and technology can and cannot reasonably contribute to society.
  • Describe how science and technology have advanced because of the contributions of many people throughout history and across cultures.

Sixth Grade Specific Science Curriculum Concepts

Earth Science

Key Science Content Concepts

Position and Motion of Objects in the Sky

  • The sun is the central and largest body in the solar system.
  • The sun’s warming of the Earth and tilt of the Earth on its axis has an important connection to the seasons.
  • Earth’s motion is the basis for measuring time.
  • Objects in the sky move in regular and predictable patterns around the sun.
  • The sun, stars and constellations appear to move in predictable patterns across the sky.
  • Gravity is the force that keeps the planets in orbit around the sun and without it, planets would continue in a straight path.

Composition, Properties and Changes of the Earth

  • Earth materials have properties that make the materials useful.
  • Earth materials and the surface of the Earth change gradually and rapidly.
  • The Earth has magnetic properties.

Fluid Earth Systems and Human Activities

  • The sun is the major source of energy for phenomenon on Earth.
  • The sun’s warming relates to weather, climate and the water cycle.
  • Human interaction and use of natural resources affects the environment.
  • The Earth’s atmosphere is a mixture of gases and water vapor.

Other Resources

State Science Grade Level Content Expectations for Sixth Grade 367kb PDF External Link


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